Assassination of Peter Stolypin (Chronology of European History)
Article abstract: The assassination of Peter Stolypin ends the possibility of a reconciliation between the czarist government and the elected Duma on the eve of World War I.
Summary of Event
The murder of Russia’s premier in September, 1911, has long been a mystery. Peter Stolypin had numerous enemies both from the Right and Left. The assassin was well known to the police, both as a social revolutionary and police informer. Agents provocateurs were linked to numerous assassinations of political leaders, including a grand duke of the Romanov family. The mystery lies in the motive for this particular killing: Did the killer commit the act out of revolutionary zeal or did reactionary circles use him to eliminate a moderate voice in the government? How did Czar Nicholas figure in this story?
In the midst of revolution in Russia in 1905, the czar in his October Manifesto promised a nationally elected legislature, or Duma, which first met in April, 1906. In July, Stolypin was appointed chairman of the Council of Ministers. Concluding that absolutism was impossible to restore, his program called for further reforms but repression of revolutionaries; hence the source of his disfavor among reactionaries and radicals alike. Stolypin was called upon to deal with a Duma united in opposition to the government. In 1907, he suggested the electoral law that resulted in the Third Duma, with the conservative party...
(The entire section is 1436 words.)
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