Study Guide

Arthur Kopit

Arthur Kopit Essay - Kopit, Arthur (Vol. 18)

Kopit, Arthur (Vol. 18)

Introduction

Kopit, Arthur 1937–

Kopit is an American dramatist generally classified as a member of the Theatre of the Absurd. Oh Dad, Poor Dad, Mamma's Hung You in the Closet, and I'm Feelin' So Sad is his best-known play. (See also CLC, Vol. 1, and Contemporary Authors, Vols. 81-84.)

Howard Taubman

There is no difficulty of judgment where [a] lack of talent is transparent. Trouble arises when a piece reveals some flair yet settles for facile, complacent strokes of theatre.

Such a play is Arthur Kopit's "Oh Dad, Poor Dad, Mamma's Hung You in the Closet, and I'm Feelin' So Sad." The very title proclaims the author's shrewdness at attracting attention. But his cleverness goes beyond the invention of a provocative label.

Young Mr. Kopit has an affinity for the bizarre and can translate it into theatrical terms…. He has written several laconic scenes in which the non-sequiturs so familiar in the theatre of the absurd are turned to amusing account….

Mr. Kopit's play has its share of irrelevancies that fall into no pattern of communication. He seems to be concerned with the depredations of the eternal smothering female. Is he laughing to heighten the anguish? Or is he lampooning the mysteries of the subconscious? In the theatre of the absurd ambiguity is often deliberate.

Judging one work at a time, one can say that "Oh Dad" indicates Mr. Kopit's gift for the theatre. Partly diverting and partly obnoxious, his play suggests that with discipline and self-criticism he might become an artist. The particular style he adopts will matter less than the use he puts it to. If he does not fall into the pernicious habit of setting down in slapdash fashion the fancies off the top of his head, like the automatic, uninspired dabblers in the avant-garde of any art, he may become an important playwright.

Howard Taubman, "One Work at a Time: Each Avant-Garde Play Stands on Own Merits," in The New York Times (© 1962 by The New York Times Company; reprinted by permission), March 11, 1962 (and reprinted in The New York Times Theatre Reviews, The New York Times Company), 1962, p. 1.

Edith Oliver

"The Day the Whores Came Out to Play Tennis" … is a farce about the invasion of a Jewish country club by eighteen of the tennis players. (p. 146)

The play is Mr. Kopit's first major entry since "Oh Dad, Poor Dad." There is no plot. Again he makes use of all kinds of old movie and burlesque stunts for his effects…. The tone of the comedy is more mocking than satirical (at least, I could see no indication that Mr. Kopit wants to change or do away with Jewish country clubs), and the targets of his mockery are varied. A lot of what is said is coarse and indecent, but it didn't strike me as vulgar or out of keeping, and some of it is funny. "Oh Dad" dealt in part with a namby-pamby young man and his rapacious mother. This time, we have a namby-pamby young man and his contemptuous father…. "Oh Dad" was farce, too, but … it was farce with an undertone of horror. In "The Day the Whores," there is no undertone of anything. (pp. 146-47)

Edith Oliver, "The Theatre: 'The Day the Whores Came Out to Play Tennis'," in The New Yorker (© 1965 by The New Yorker Magazine, Inc.), Vol. XLI, No. 6, March 27, 1965, pp. 146-47.

Harold Clurman

What I respect in the Kopit double bill of one-acters [Sing to Me Through Open Windows and The Day the Whores Came Out to Play Tennis] is that these "absurd" playlets are trickily disguised confessions, impersonal expressions of what is essentially personal. (p. 373)

[One] may think of the brief Sing To Me Through Open Windows … as a boy's memory of a lost "father," whether "he" be a person, a way of life or a dream of the theatre's magic. This may strike one as overly sentimental; but a touch of unexpected color redeems it from banality.

The longer piece with the frisky title—The Day The Whores Came Out To Play Tennis—possesses a somewhat vicious extravagance that surprises one into risibility. Behind its nonsense lurks a revulsion from a wealthy Jewish business background…. The play develops a metaphor for a rootless urban middle class that is going rapidly to pot in its own inanity, obscenely mocked and ultimately to be destroyed by the whorish world outside—or simply by its women!

You may find this distasteful or little better than fraternity-house Ionesco, but it does exist as a creation, howsoever minuscule. (pp. 373-74)

Harold Clurman, "Theatre: The Kopit Plays," in The Nation (copyright 1965 The Nation Associates, Inc.), Vol. 200, No. 14, April 5, 1965, pp. 373-74.

Robert Brustein

After the opening of his two new plays, Arthur Kopit was savaged by the press, a development which should surprise nobody familiar with the fickleness of American cultural fashions. Kopit was praised much too quickly on the basis of much too little, and it was inevitable that an angry reaction would set in, not only among those who had originally disliked his first play, but among those who suddenly realized they had overestimated it. On the other hand, Kopit himself is partly responsible for the condescending tone employed by his reviewers. Since he often writes like a gifted spoiled child, he practically invites a spanking. Then, too, Kopit's coy playfulness palls very swiftly. One has the feeling sometimes that he would rather compose titles than plays, and those long, winding tropes are too much like attention-getting mechanisms, full of simpers and winks….

As one of those who found Oh Dad, Poor Dad little more than a sophomore exercise, though, I must concede that The Day The Whores Came Out to Play Tennis struck me as something of an improvement (more like a regression is Sing to Me Through Open Windows, a sentimental effusion on which the windows should have remained shut)…. [Some] of his vaudeville turns are funny, the dialogue bounces with aggression, a few of the characters possess a bizarre originality, and the thought of a country club being destroyed by tennis balls is eccentric enough to tickle my fancy…. I didn't like the play, but I came away thinking that if Kopit ever puts away his jacks and exorcises his ogres, he might just possibly produce a mature satiric art. (pp. 23-4)

Robert Brustein, "Theater: 'The Day the Whores Came Out to Play Tennis'," in The New Republic (reprinted by permission of The New Republic; © 1965 The New Republic, Inc.), Vol. 152, No. 15, April 10, 1965, pp. 23-4.

George Wellwarth

Like most modern playwrights—like most modern thinkers of any kind—Kopit has a distinct tendency to view the rotting underside of life from below. There is nothing particularly new about this—Kopit's contribution lies in the wry imagination he brings to his description of life as he sees it…. (p. 345)

In a way it would be quite unfair to form any judgment of Kopit's abilities as a playwright and thinker on … Oh Dad, Poor Dad … [which] is essentially a huge practical joke. Kopit has written a brilliant satiric take-off on the conventions of the avant-garde drama, and most of the play's popularity undoubtedly stems from the fact that it is wildly funny without being at the same time even vaguely disturbing. (p. 346)

George Wellwarth, "Arthur Kopit," in his The Theater of Protest and Paradox: Developments in the Avant-Garde Drama (reprinted by permission of New York University Press; copyright © 1964, 1971 by New York University), revised edition, New York University Press, 1971, pp. 345-47.

Anne C. Murch

[Man] is a misfit in the present and this condition is reflected in the drama he creates….

One recurrent element in that drama is ritual action. We shall consider such action in three contemporary plays: Genet's The Maids, Triana's The Night of the Assassins, and Kopit's Chamber Music. Belonging respectively to the French, the Spanish-Cuban, and the North American cultures, these plays illustrate in their striking analogies a much talked-about phenomenon: the emergence of a planet-wide culture, whose common denominator, in the western world, seems to be the individual's show of alienation.

All three plays are about man's estrangement from himself, about his...

(The entire section is 1818 words.)

David L. Rinear

Kopit's play [The Day The Whores Came Out To Play Tennis] is one act long, as opposed to the four acts of [Chekhov's The Cherry Orchard]. He utilizes only six characters, while the Russian uses sixteen. It necessarily follows that the brevity of the later work precludes the total development to be found in the longer play. The main idea, however, is exactly the same. In Kopit's play the pilot committee of the Cherry Valley Country Club is concerned because a group of whores have taken over the tennis courts. Throughout the play, they talk about the problem, yet do nothing to correct it. The play closes with the whores retaining possession of the courts and pelting the club house with tennis balls. At the...

(The entire section is 1068 words.)

Carol W. Billman

Even though the credits say [Robert Altman's film Buffalo Bill and the Indians] was only "suggested by" Arthur Kopit's play Indians, there is no better way to understand the film, or the play, than to compare these two visualizations of Americans and their visions of grandeur. Both are crowded, unruly works in which a prevailing visual metaphor—the Wild West Show in all its gaudy glory—is the starting point for getting at the levels of illusion that camouflage the real facts and figures of the American heritage. Altman's and Kopit's unique methods of presenting the Wild West Show and approaches to the truths underlying its splendorous hoopla do indeed make film and play separate but at the same time...

(The entire section is 1349 words.)

John Simon

The language of the mind losing hold of words as it drifts off to sleep was first explored by Joyce in Ulysses at the end of the Ithaca episode. But it was Beckett who, in his plays and novels, evoked states bordering on, or representing, aphasia, albeit not literally reproducing clinical cases. Kopit pushes farther in that direction [in Wings], but for all his research into and re-creation of actual defective speech by patients, he too keeps the verbiage within literary boundaries. Thus the work's master metaphor is wings, flying—symbolizing both speech winging its way from person to person and the psyche setting forth on perilous voyages into life and, eventually, out of it.

The...

(The entire section is 281 words.)

Harold Clurman

Two intelligent people who accompanied me to see Arthur Kopit's Wings … found it boring. I on the other hand was fascinated.

The reason for this discrepancy of reaction—apart from the fact that such contradictions are always to be expected—is that the play is in a sense a monodrama, and it is always a "tricky" matter to maintain interest in a play almost wholly centered on a single individual. But the more crucial hazard in the project is that it undertakes a visualization of a cerebral stroke, its symptoms, its treatment and the possibilities of its healing….

If Wings is viewed simply as a sort of medical documentary, it may be considered informative but it...

(The entire section is 336 words.)