Arnolfo di Cambio (Dictionary of World Biography: Middle Ages)
Article abstract: As chief architect of Florence during the end of the thirteenth century, Arnolfo directed the construction of some of Florence’s principal monuments and brought the Italian classical tradition together with elements of the French Gothic.
Little is known of Arnolfo di Cambio’s early years. From 1266 to 1268, Arnolfo worked as chief assistant to Nicola Pisano, Italy’s first great sculptor; together they created the pulpit in the cathedral in Siena, Italy. Arnolfo may also have worked with Pisano at about the same time on the tomb of Saint Dominic in the Church of San Domenico in Bologna. Around 1272, Arnolfo constructed the monument to Cardinal Annibaldi in the Church of San Giovanni Laterano of Rome. This work may have been commissioned by Emperor Charles I of Anjou, who became Arnolfo’s patron in 1271, when the sculptor went to Florence after leaving Pisano’s shop. The monument to Annibaldi reflects the characteristics of Arnolfo’s early work, with graceful yet stiff drapery and simple treatment of the facial features—expressing the restraint of classical Roman sculpture, which was Arnolfo’s model.
Arnolfo continued to distinguish himself as a sculptor of funerary monuments during this first stage of his artistic career. Two of Arnolfo’s notable works of this period are the monument to Cardinal Guillaume de Braye in San Domenico in Orvieto (1282) and the...
(The entire section is 2322 words.)
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