Armenians Suffer Genocide During World War I (Great Events from History II: Human Rights Series)
Article abstract: The genocide of nearly one million Armenians by the Ottoman Empire was a carefully orchestrated plan by that government and its officials to provide a final solution to the Armenian question.
Summary of Event
Several factors contributed to the massacre of close to one million Armenians in Turkey during World War I. The Ottoman Empire was in rapid decline in the latter half of the nineteenth century. European powers, notably the United Kingdom, France, Russia, and (after 1871) Germany gradually severed various parts of the once-great empire. The Treaty of San Stefano ended the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-1878 at Turkey’s expense. The genesis of the war was the massacres carried out by Turkish troops in Bulgaria in 1876. As a result of the Treaty of San Stefano, the Ottomans lost territory to Russia. The imperial Russian government acted as the protector of Christians within the Muslim Ottoman Empire, and Russia pressured the Ottoman government to allow Christian Armenians to have administrative autonomy in eastern Turkey. A second treaty, the Treaty of Berlin (1878), signed by the Ottoman Empire and Russia, essentially modified the San Stefano stipulations by allowing the Ottoman government to agree only to treat the Armenians fairly. The modification eliminated the earlier treaty’s insistence on better treatment of the Armenians as a condition for the withdrawal of Russian troops from eastern Turkey....
(The entire section is 2191 words.)
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