Armenian Genocide (Chronology of European History)
Article abstract: The Armenian genocide results in the deportation and killing of between six hundred thousand and 1.5 million Armenians in the Ottoman Empire and marks the first state-organized genocide of an ethnic minority in the twentieth century.
Summary of Event
By the late nineteenth century, most of the historical territories of Armenia belonged to either the Ottoman Empire or the Russian empire. The Armenians represented an ethnic minority in both of these multicultural empires. In the predominantly Islamic Ottoman Empire, the Christian Armenians also constituted a religious minority. A majority of the Ottoman Armenians lived in eastern Anatolia, a region that bordered on the Russian Armenian provinces in the southern Caucasus area. In addition, Armenian businessmen and artisans were prominent in western Anatolia, particularly in Constantinople and Smyrna.
During the last quarter of the nineteenth century, both the Russians and the Turks discriminated against their Armenian populations. In the Russian empire, discrimination took the form of economic and cultural restrictions. Turkish persecution of the Armenians frequently resulted in massacres. Under the rule of Sultan Abdul Hamid II (1876-1909), thousands of Armenians were killed by Turkish mobs and Kurdish irregular forces in eastern Anatolia (1894-1896) and in Cilicia (1909) in southwestern Anatolia.
(The entire section is 1434 words.)
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