Arkady and Boris Strugatsky (strew-GAHT-skee) are among the best-known Russian science-fiction writers in America, and they were honored for their wit and imagination. Arkady, the elder brother, died on October 14, 1991, in Moscow. Arkady and Boris were sons of Nathan Strugatsky, a bibliographer, and Aleksandra Litvinchova, a teacher.
Arkady, the linguist of the writing team, received a degree from the Russian Institute of Foreign Languages in 1949. He worked as an editor and translator of English and Japanese until 1964. Arkady married Elena Oshanina, a Sinologist (a student of Chinese language, literature, and civilization), in 1955. Boris, the younger brother, earned an astronomy degree from Leningrad University in 1956 and became the team’s scientist. In 1957 Boris married Adelaida Karpeliuk, another astronomer. Both brothers worked in their chosen fields until 1964, when they became full-time writers.
The Strugatskys began writing science fiction in 1955. Their first novel, presenting a flight to Venus, The Country of the Crimson Clouds, began an interplanetary cycle that included Destination: Amaltheia and Space Apprentice. Similar to space operas by Robert A. Heinlein and Arthur C. Clarke, these future histories presented classless societies on Earth and on the distant planets and stars, along with the death of capitalism and the universal acceptance of communism.
In the 1960’s, the Strugatskys...
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