Apple II Becomes the First Successful Preassembled Personal Computer (Great Events from History II: Science and Technology Series)
Article abstract: The introduction of the preassembled Apple II personal computer by Apple Computer created the market for home, education, and small business computing.
Summary of Event
The development of the computer during the 1940’s expanded the capacity to do intensive mathematical calculations, doing them far more rapidly than teams of scientists could. Initially, it was thought that computers would be effective only for scientific work; in the 1950’s, it was shown that business could make great use of them. Into the 1960’s, however, the idea that a small computer could be of use to the average person was an idea held by only a few radicals within the industry. Rather than any industry radicals, however, it was a pair of counterculture individuals from the Silicon Valley—the high technology area between San Francisco and San Jose-that eventually launched the personal computer revolution.
Both Steven Jobs and Stephen Wozniak had attended Homestead High School in Los Altos, California, although at different times, and both developed early interests in technology, especially computers. In 1971, Wozniak built his first computer from spare parts. Shortly after this, he was introduced to Jobs. Jobs had already developed an interest in electronics (he once telephoned William Hewlett, cofounder of Hewlett-Packard, to ask for parts), and he and Wozniak became friends. Their first business venture...
(The entire section is 2053 words.)
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