Anubis (Myths and Legends of the World)
In the early days of ancient Egypt, Anubis (or Anpu) was the god of the dead. Later, when Osiris took over this role, Anubis became the god who oversaw funerals. He was also the guardian of the where he escorted the dead to the hall of judgment and helped weigh each person's heart against the feather of truth before presenting the soul to Osiris.
Anubis was the son of the goddess Nephthys, who had tricked her brother Osiris into fathering her child. The goddess's husband, Set (Seth), hated Osiris and planned to murder the child when he was born. Nephthys therefore decided to abandon the infant at birth. She hid him in the marshes by the Nile River, where he was found by Isis, the wife of Osiris. Isis raised Anubis, and when he reached adulthood, he repaid her by becoming her protector.
Later, when Osiris set out to conquer the world, Anubis accompanied him. Osiris was murdered by his old enemy Set, who tore his body to pieces. Anubis helped find the pieces of Osiris's body and embalmedto treat a corpse with oils or chemicals to prevent or slow down the process of decay the body so well that it never decayed. Anubis is said to have performed the first Egyptian burial rites and to have introduced the practice of embalming the dead.
Images of Anubis depict him as a or as a man with the head of a jackal. Jackals...
(The entire section is 300 words.)
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