Antonio José de Sucre (Dictionary of World Biography: The 19th Century)
Article abstract: Sucre was a leading military and political leader in the struggle of South American patriots to achieve independence from Spain. The republics of Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia were created as a result of this conflict.
Antonio José de Sucre was the fourth generation of his family to reside in Cumaná, a port city located on the far eastern coast of present-day Venezuela. His great grandfather, Carlos de Sucre, reestablished the family in northern South America after having served as an official of the Spanish crown in Cartagena and Havana. Carlos’ son, Antonio, married a descendant of a conquistador family and served as a colonel in the royal Spanish infantry. Vicente, son of Antonio, served first as a lieutenant of the Spanish army and, after the independence movement began, as a colonel in the newly formed revolutionary army. Vicente fathered a large family. Antonio José, born in Cumaná on February 3, 1795, was his seventh son.
The Spanish Empire collapsed in 1808, a victim of French emperor Napoleon Bonaparte’s expansionist policies. This event accelerated the aspirations of independence that had developed among the Creole element within the Spanish colonies. The Creoles were the Spaniards born in the Americas. They felt that they had been relegated to a second-class status by the Spanish crown. Positions of power and importance were reserved for the...
(The entire section is 1931 words.)
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