Antigone (Myths and Legends of the World)
In Greek mythology, Antigone was the daughter of Oedipus, king of Thebes, and Jocasta. A faithful daughter and sister, Antigone was the main character in a tragedy by the Greek playwright Sophocles(ca. 496-406 B.C.) Greek playwright who wrote many tragedies. Euripides(ca. 480-406 B.C.) Greek playwright who wrote many tragedies, another dramatist of ancient Greece, presented a different, and happier, version of her life. In more recent times, Antigone has been the inspiration for several playwrights and composers.
Background to the Story. In Sophocles' earlier play, Oedipus Rex, Oedipus had unknowingly murdered his father and married his mother, Jocasta. When they discovered what they had done, Jocasta hanged herself and Oedipus blinded himself. His sons, Eteocles and Polynices, drove Oedipus from Thebes and took over the kingdom.
Antigone and her sister Ismene accompanied their blind father during his wanderings around Greece. Meanwhile, Eteocles broke his promise to share power with Polynices and drove him from the kingdom as well. Polynices decided to lead an army against Thebes to regain the throne.
Their uncle, Creon, supported Eteocles in the conflict with his brother. An oraclepriest or priestess or other creature through whom a god is believed to speak; also the location (such as a shrine) where such words are spoken told Creon that whoever gave shelter to Oedipus would win the battle for Thebes. Creon therefore asked Oedipus, who had taken refuge in the city of Colonus, to return. When Oedipus refused, Creon sent soldiers to seize Antigone and Ismene to force their father to come back. TheseusGreek hero who killed the Minotaur of Crete with...
(The entire section is 789 words.)
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