Biography (Cyclopedia of World Authors, Fourth Revised Edition)
Edna Annie Proulx (prew) was born August 22, 1935, in Norwich, Connecticut, to George Proulx, vice president of a textile company and Lois Proulx, a painter who traced her family history in Connecticut back to the year 1635. Lois Proulx was an amateur naturalist who encouraged the young Annie to observe small details of everyday life and the natural world, a habit that would later develop into the detailed research that contributed depth and realism to Proulx’s fiction.
In the early 1950’s Proulx briefly attended Colby College in Waterville, Maine, but left without completing a degree. She returned to college in 1963 and in 1969 graduated cum laude from the University of Vermont with a bachelor of arts degree in history. During these years Proulx was married and divorced three times; a daughter from her first marriage lived with Proulx’s first former husband while Proulx raised three sons from her second and third marriages.
In 1973 Proulx graduated from Sir George Williams University (now Concordia University) in Montreal with a master of arts degree in history. She completed all the work for a doctoral degree in Renaissance European economics and passed the oral examinations in 1975 but decided not to complete her dissertation, as there were so few teaching jobs available in her field.
The eldest of five sisters, Proulx had been drawn from an early age to the outdoor life; after leaving school she moved to a small cabin in...
(The entire section is 1292 words.)
Want to Read More?
Subscribe now to read the rest of this article. Plus get complete access to 30,000+ study guides!
Biography (Critical Survey of Short Fiction, Second Revised Edition)
Edna Annie Proulx was born in Norwich, Connecticut, in 1935, the oldest of five daughters. Her father worked his way up in the textile mills to the position of vice president; her mother painted landscapes in watercolors. Because her father was frequently transferred, the family moved several times when she was young. She entered Colby College in the 1950’s but dropped out to, as she says, “experience two terrible marriages, New York City, the Far East, and single-mother-with-two-children poverty.” She returned to school in 1963, graduating Phi Beta Kappa. She entered the graduate program at Sir George Williams University (now Concordia University), in Montreal, specializing in Renaissance economic history, and finished all the work for the Ph.D. degree except the dissertation.
By this time Proulx had been married and divorced three times and was the mother of three sons. She worked as a freelance journalist from 1975 to 1988, writing books and articles on a wide range of subjects. In the mid-1990’s, Proulx moved from Vermont to Centennial, Wyoming (population 100), where she lives and writes in relative isolation. She travels part of the year to Australia and Ireland and across the United States.
(The entire section is 191 words.)
Biography (Critical Survey of Long Fiction, Fourth Edition)
Edna Annie Proulx is the oldest of the five daughters of George Napoleon Proulx and Lois “Nelly” Gill Proulx. Her father’s ancestors immigrated to Quebec from France in 1637 and then, around the time of the American Civil War, to New England to work in the textile mills. Her mother’s family had immigrated to America from England in 1635. George Proulx began working in the textile industry as a bobbin boy but quickly advanced to the vice presidency of a textile mill and served as an internationally recognized consultant in textiles. His work involved assignments in various venues, and the family moved with him.
The family had lived in North Carolina, Vermont, Rhode Island, and Maine by the time Proulx finished secondary school at Deering High School in Portland, Maine, in 1953. Her mother was an amateur artist and devoted naturalist. She passed these interests along to her daughters, including Annie, much of whose freelance writing would later explore naturalist topics.
Proulx enrolled in Colby College in Waterville, Maine, with the class of 1957, but she dropped out of college in 1955 to marry the first of her three husbands, all of whom she eventually divorced. She had a daughter by her first husband, two sons by her second, and another son by her third. The daughter, from whom Proulx was estranged, lived with her father, who raised her. Eventually her relationship with Proulx, who was always close to her sons, improved. Proulx helped...
(The entire section is 519 words.)
E. Annie Proulx was born on August 22, 1935, in Norwich, Connecticut, into a family of farmers, mill workers, inventors, and artists whose ancestors had lived there for three centuries. Proulx’s mother, a painter and amateur naturalist, instilled in Proulx an appreciation for nature and the details of life. Because of her father’s career in textiles, Proulx’s family constantly moved, so she lived in several states, including North Carolina, Vermont, Maine, and Rhode Island. She earned a bachelor’s degree in history from the University of Vermont in 1969 and then went on to graduate school at Sir George Williams University (now Concordia University) in Montreal. In 1973, she earned her master’s degree in history, and in 1975, she passed her doctoral oral examinations. However, she did not finish her dissertation because there were few teaching jobs in history at the time. Instead, Proulx turned to freelance journalism. While living with a friend in a rural shack on the Canadian border in northern Vermont, Proulx wrote a variety of articles, book reviews, and on-assignment nonfiction books. She also founded and edited Behind the Times, a rural Vermont newspaper (1984–1986). Through all of this, she struggled to make enough money to support her three sons.
At the same time, she began to write fiction. She published several short stories in magazines, and in 1988, the stories were collected in Heart Songs and Other Stories. As they...
(The entire section is 395 words.)
Annie Proulx was born in Norwich, Connecticut, in 1935 to George and Lois Proulx. Her ancestors had lived in the area of Connecticut for over 350 years as farmers, artists, and mill workers. During Annie's youth, her father worked in the textile industry, so the family moved all over the country as he advanced his career. Annie attended high school in North Carolina and Maine; the family also spent time in Vermont and Rhode Island.
After graduating high school, Proulx attended the University of Vermont, where she received her bachelor of arts in 1969. She then attended graduate school in Montreal at Sir George Williams University where she received her master of arts in 1973.
Proulx's mother, Lois, was an artist and had a strong family tradition of oral story-telling. Many of her inventive ancestors could tell a story using everyday objects. This tradition helped to spawn Annie's interest in telling stories of her own. Proulx began writing initially to support her three children. She wrote mostly informational books that covered topics ranging from canoeing to African beadwork. During this period, she somehow found time to write fiction as well, which eventually was collected into Heart Songs and Other Stories in 1988.
After the success of this collection, her...
(The entire section is 434 words.)