Anglo-Irish Agreement Is Signed (Chronology of European History)
Article abstract: An Anglo-Irish agreement is signed in an attempt to meliorate the endemic problems of Northern Ireland.
Summary of Event
The Anglo-Irish Agreement, signed at Hillsborough, Northern Ireland, on November 15, 1985, was the most serious political attempt between the early 1970’s and the truce of 1994 to settle the long, often violent dispute in Northern Ireland. In the 1960’s another round of “the troubles” began with the “civil rights” movement, inspired in part by recent events in America, which motivated the largely have-not Catholic community to demand equality with the majority Protestant community who had wielded economic, political, and social power since Ireland was partitioned in 1921. Inevitably tied to the demand for equality was the issue of the ultimate future of Northern Ireland: Would it remain a part of the United Kingdom, or would it join the Irish Republic which had sovereignty over the rest of the island? Those who demanded the first were the unionists or loyalists; the latter were referred to as the nationalists. The former were overwhelmingly protestant, the latter largely Catholic.
Peaceful demonstrations led to confrontation and by the early 1970’s violence had returned to the streets of Northern Ireland, most infamously in the Bloody Sunday episode in Londonderry in January, 1972. The local police, largely protestant, were unable to keep order, and British...
(The entire section is 1453 words.)
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