Andrea Pisano (Dictionary of World Biography: Middle Ages)
Article abstract: Bronze, unknown as a medium for sculpture in Florence prior to the 1330’s, was brought to that city by Pisano, who made an important contribution to art with his baptistery door, which was to be the example to be matched and supremely surpassed during the Florentine Renaissance.
Nothing certain is known of Andrea Pisano’s early life. His first appearance as a public figure does not occur until 1330, when he received the most important commission of his artistic career. The fine detail and design of his bronze sculptures suggest that he may have had training as a goldsmith. He may also have been trained by Giovanni Pisano, who was a sculptor who had, in turn, been trained by his father Nicola Pisano. The Pisanos, father and son, were natives of Pisa and made important contributions to the development of bronze sculpture in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, but they were not related to Andrea Pisano, whose real name is, in fact, Andrea da Pontadera. The fact that he was generally called Pisano and emerges as a worker in bronze, a speciality of Pisan artists, suggests a Pisan connection.
In 1330, he gained the prestigious contract for a set of doors on the baptistery of the cathedral in Florence. Some reputation must have helped to capture this grand opportunity. It is likely that a competition took place, and it is known that Pisano’s wax model for the doors had to be...
(The entire section is 1828 words.)
Want to Read More?
Subscribe now to read the rest of this article. Plus get complete access to 30,000+ study guides!