Andrea Palladio (Dictionary of World Biography: Renaissance)
Article abstract: Palladio was the first great professional architect and one of the most influential the world has ever known. Possibly the most imitated architect in history, he was responsible for fusing classical proportions and harmony with Renaissance exuberance, thus creating an architectural manner that has endured into the twentieth century.
Andrea Palladio was born in Padua to Piero, a miller, and donna Marta, called “the cripple.” Very little is known of his early years; the record of his activities begins with his apprenticeship in 1521 to a stone carver in the local trade corporation of bricklayers and stonemasons. His master at the corporation of Mount Berico has been identified as Bartolomeo Cavazza de Sossano, the artist responsible for the altar in the Church of Santa Maria dei Carmini in Padua. In 1523, Andrea ran away to Vicenza, where he was followed by Cavazza, who forced him to return to Padua to serve out the rest of his apprenticeship. A year later, the sixteen-year-old Andrea broke his bond and returned to Vicenza, where for the next fourteen years he was first apprentice and then assistant to two sculptors, Giovanni da Porlezza and Girolamo Pittoni, both of the Pedemuro workshop, who had a near-monopoly on commissions, both private and public, to create many of Vicenza’s monuments and ornamental sculptures in the then-popular mannerist style. Records show that in 1534 Andrea...
(The entire section is 2291 words.)
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