André Malraux (Magill's Literary Annual 1977)
André Malraux died November 23, 1976, a year after the publication of Jean Lacouture’s biography. In a message to Malraux’s daughter, French President Valéry Giscard d’Estaing referred to Malraux’s “life of commitment, marked by an exceptional dialogue between creative work and action” and to his “vision of man, with which he lived and for which he fought.” (New York Times, November 23, 1976) Malraux’s creative work included novels, art history, essays, memoirs, films, speech-making, and editorial work. The action of his life preceded, was contemporary with, or followed the experiences described in his writings. So great were his energy, his ability, and his accomplishments, that in his own lifetime, he became a legend—a legend which he helped to exaggerate and to contradict.
Born in Paris on November 3, 1901, Malraux decided before he left school at seventeen that he wanted to be a writer. To prepare himself he read voraciously. The Three Musketeers and the works of Flaubert and Shakespeare were early favorites. To support himself he became a buyer for a bookstore. The owner recognized his exceptional intellectual gifts and invited him to help him launch a review. It was in this journal—La Connaissance—that Malraux published his first article: “Les origines de la poésie cubiste.” Work with other journals followed. He came to know through them many important literary figures who remained of lasting...
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Bibliography (Magill's Literary Annual 1977)
America. CXXXIX. February 28, 1976, p. 163.
Christian Century. XCIII, January 28, 1976, p. 75.
Commonweal. CIII, July 2, 1976, p. 442.
New York Review of Books. XXIII, March 4, 1976, p. 10.
New York Times Book Review. January 11, 1976, p. 1.
Saturday Review. III, January 24, 1976, p. 34.
Virginia Quarterly Review. LII, Spring, 1976, p. 55.
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