Andoche Junot (Magill’s Guide to Military History)
Article abstract: Military significance: Junot served under Napoleon Bonaparte in Italy, Egypt, the Peninsula, and Russia and was his trusted friend and aide.
Andoche Junot first became a friend and administrative aide to Napoleon Bonaparte during the French Revolutionary Wars (1792-1802). In Egypt, he revealed to Napoleon that Josephine Bonaparte had been an unfaithful wife, an incident that many historians believe caused a significant depressive change in Napoleon’s personality.
In 1807, Napoleon assigned Junot to military and political command over Portugal after it violated the continental system trade boycott against England. On August 21, 1808, 14,000 British under Arthur Wellesley, future duke of Wellington, decisively defeated Junot’s 13,000 French at the Battle of Vimeiro near Lisbon. French losses were 2,000 dead and wounded. The resulting Convention of Cintra armistice removed all of the French from Portugal.
During the 1812 Russian campaign, Junot commanded an entire army corps with a minor role and was in reserve at the Battle of Borodino. He committed suicide in 1813 after being assigned to an obscure political governorship.
Chandler, David. The Campaigns of Napoleon. New York: Macmillan, 1996.
Elting, John. Swords Around a Throne: Napoleon’s Grand Armée. New York: Da Capo Press, 1997.
(The entire section is 194 words.)
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