American Revolution (Magill’s Guide to Military History)
Article abstract: At issue: Independence of thirteen British colonies in North America. Result: The American victory led to Britain’s recognizing the United States of America as an independent nation in the 1783 Treaty of Paris.
The American Revolution resulted from longstanding friction between Britain and its North American colonies. After its 1763 victory in the French and Indian War (1754-1763), the British government decided to maintain a 6,000-man standing army in North America to protect its newly obtained territory between the Appalachian Mountains and the Mississippi River. The colonists, suspicious of the new army, were outraged by the prospect of paying a share of its maintenance cost. American discontent continued throughout the 1760’s as Parliament enacted laws to regulate or tax the colonies. Among the most offensive laws were the Currency Act of 1664, the Sugar Act of 1764, and the Quartering Act of 1765.
Parliament’s passage of the Stamp Act in the spring of 1765 provoked protests and open resistance everywhere in the colonies. The law affected practically every American; it required tax stamps on newspapers, playing cards, dice, marriage licenses, and many other legal documents. The revenue from these stamp duties contributed to maintaining the British army in America. Mobs, called the Sons of Liberty, harassed the stamp distributors. The colonial assemblies and a Stamp Act...
(The entire section is 2856 words.)
Want to Read More?
Subscribe now to read the rest of this article. Plus get complete access to 30,000+ study guides!