Timeline of Events in Revolutionary America
- Start of the French and Indian War on the American frontier between the British and the French and their Native American allies.
- French and Indian War ends. Great Britain now controls New England colonies, the American frontier, and Canada.
- To maintain peace among the Native Americans on the frontier, King George III of England issues the Proclamation of 1763, forbidding colonists to settle in Native American territory west of the Appalachian Mountains.
- Still fearful that colonists will crowd onto their land, the Indians unite for Pontiac's Rebellion. Hundreds of pioneer families are killed before the rebellion is crushed by British soldiers.
- British Parliament passes Sugar Act, forcing colonists to pay taxes on sugar, coffee, wine, dye, and other goods.
- James Otis publishes Rights of the British Colonists Asserted, arguing that "taxation without representation is tyranny."
- British Parliament passes the Stamp...
(The entire section is 1470 words.)
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Words to Know
- The belief that measures should be taken to end slavery.
- A system in which one person—usually a king or queen—rules without any kind of restrictions on his or her actions.
- A person who conducts business on another's behalf.
- Loyalty to king, country, or a cause.
- Articles of Confederation:
- An agreement among the thirteen original states, approved in 1781, that provided a loose form of government before the present Constitution went into effect in 1789.
- The science of using guns; a group of gunners in an army; or the weapons themselves, especially cannons that throw bombs across a battlefield.
- One of the names used by the colonies for their lawmaking bodies.
- Boston Massacre:
- A encounter between British troops and townspeople in Boston in 1770,...
(The entire section is 1212 words.)
Research and Activity Ideas
The following list of research and activity ideas is intended to offer suggestions for complementing social studies and history curricula, to trigger additional ideas for enhancing learning, and to suggest cross-disciplinary projects for library and classroom use.
Activity 1: A "live" historical event
Assigment: For a school assembly program dramatize an important event of the Revolutionary era. Base your dramatization on historical facts, although you are free to use your own dialogue and interpretation when necessary. Your goal is both to inform and entertain your audience. You must also involve each member of the class in the project.
Preparation: The first task is to choose an historical event. Possibilities include the Boston Massacre, the Boston Tea Party, or George Washington crossing the Delaware. To make a decision you might put the question to a class vote. Once you have chosen the event, you need to gather information for a script and other aspects of the dramatization. One approach is to form teams that will do research on a particular aspect of the event.
Using American Revolution: Almanac as a starting point, the teams must find information at the library and on Internet Web sites. Look for historical accounts of the event that can provide a narrative frame for...
(The entire section is 735 words.)
Where to Learn More
The following list focuses on general works about the Revolutionary era written for readers of middle school and high school age. Books aimed at adult audiences have been included when they are especially important in providing information or analysis that would otherwise be unavailable, or because they have become classics. Please note that the web site addresses were verified prior to publication, but are subject to change.
Annals of America. New York: Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc., 1968.
Blanco, Richard L., ed. The American Revolution, 1775–1783: An Encyclopedia. New York: Garland Publishing, 1993.
Bliven, Bruce. The American Revolution, 1760–1783. New York: Random House, 1981.
Bliven, Bruce, and J. Thomas, eds. The American Revolution (Landmark Books). New York: Random House, 1987.
Boatner, Mark M. Encyclopedia of the American Revolution. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 1994.
Burnett, Edmund Cody. The Continental Congress. New York: Norton, 1964.
Claghorn, Charles E. Women Patriots of the American Revolution: A Biographical Dictionary. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1991.
Clark, Dora Mae. British Opinion and the...
(The entire section is 910 words.)