American Indian Movement (AIM) (Special Interest Group Profiles)
ESTABLISHED: July 1968
WHAT IS ITS MISSION?
The American Indian Movement (AIM) seeks, in broadest terms, to further the political, economic, social, and cultural well-being of American Indians throughout the United States, and to raise public awareness of American Indian issues among both Indians and non-Indians. Throughout the organization's history, AIM has concerned itself with a wide variety of issues in pursuit of its mission. Many of its efforts have centered around promoting American Indian sovereignty and self-determination. These concepts involve the establishment of truly autonomous tribal self-government and greater control of land, economic resources, and educational institutions within Indian communities. AIM also works to better social conditions, both on reservations and in urban areas.
HOW IS IT STRUCTURED?
Since 1993, understanding AIM's structure has posed quite a challenge. In that year, a dispute grew between two major internal factions, and the situation has remained...
(The entire section is 4087 words.)
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American Indian Movement (West's Encyclopedia of American Law)
Founded in 1968, the American Indian Movement (AIM) is an organization dedicated to the Native American civil rights movement. Its main objectives are the sovereignty of Native American lands and peoples; preservation of their culture and traditions; and enforcement of all treaties with the United States.
Despite the straightforwardness of its stated objectives, AIM's reputation had been seriously harmed by well-publicized and controversial incidents of law-breaking, VANDALISM, and violence, resulting in the organization's peak and decline within a few years. Significant historical events include AIM's hostile occupation of Alcatraz Island (1969); the "Trail of Broken Treaties" march on Washington, D.C. (1971); occupation of Wounded Knee (1973); and the Pine Ridge shootout of 1975, which resulted in the controversial arrest and imprisonment of the most famous AIM member, Leonard Peltier. Following these events, the organization's visibility and viability as a political force greatly declined.
Prior to the formation of AIM, issues involving U.S. Indianon-Indian relations had largely faded away. Starting in the 1950s, the U.S. government had embarked on a serious policy plan to terminate its responsibilities to Native Americans pursuant to extant treaties and agreements. This action included...
(The entire section is 2195 words.)