Study Guide

Amadís of Gaul

by Vasco de Lobeira

Amadís of Gaul Characters

Characters Discussed (Great Characters in Literature)

Amadís de Gaul

Amadís de Gaul (ah-mah-DEES duh gawl), the natural son of King Perion of Gaul and Elisena, daughter of King Garinter of Lesser Britain. To be worthy of his beloved, Oriana, the daughter of the king of England, and to win her hand, he becomes a knight and passes through many brave adventures.

King Perión of Gaul

King Perión of Gaul (pehr-ee-OHN), the father of Amadís de Gaul.

Princess Elisena

Princess Elisena (eh-lee-SEHN-nah), the mother of Amadís de Gaul.

Galaor

Galaor (gah-lah-OHR), the brother of Amadís de Gaul.

Lisuarte

Lisuarte (lee-SWAHR-teh), the king of England and the father of Oriana.

Brisena

Brisena (bree-SEH-nah), the queen of England and the mother of Oriana.

Oriana

Oriana (ohr-ee-AH-nah), the daughter of King Lisuarte and Queen Brisena. She is loved by Amadís de Gaul, who wins her hand after many knightly adventures.

Urganda

Urganda (ewr-GAHN-dah), an enchantress, the protector of Amadís de Gaul.

Arcalaus

Arcalaus (ahr-kah-LOWS), a wicked magician.

King Garinter

King Garinter (gah-reen-TEHR), the grandfather of Amadís de Gaul.

Darioleta

Darioleta (dahr-ee-oh-LEH-tah), Elisena’s attendant. She hides the infant Amadís de Gaul, along with his father’s ring, in an ark and sets him afloat.

Gandales

Gandales (gahn-DAH-lehs), a knight who finds Amadís de Gaul in the sea and rears him.

Gandalín

Gandalín (gahn-dahl-EEN), the son of Gandales.

Languines

Languines (lahn-GWEEN-ehs), the king of Scotland, who takes Amadís de Gaul to his court.

Abies

Abies (AH-bee-ehs), the king of Ireland and the enemy of King Perion.

Galpano

Galpano (gahl-PAH-noh), a haughty robber who is overcome by Amadís de Gaul.

Barsinan

Barsinan (bahr-SEE-nahn), a traitor to King Lisuarte.

Apolidón

Apolidón (ah-pohl-lee-DOHN), the son of the king of Greece.

King Aravigo

King Aravigo (ah-rah-VEE-goh), an enemy of King Lisuarte and Amadís de Gaul.

Gasquilán

Gasquilán (gahs-kee-LAHN), the king of Sweden, who is overthrown in single combat by Amadís de Gaul.

Esplandián

Esplandián (ehs-plahn-dee-AHN), a messenger.

Amadís of Gaul Bibliography (Great Characters in Literature)

Green, Otis H. Spain and the Western Tradition. 4 vols. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1963. A discussion of Amadís of Gaul in the context of the mythology of courtly love appears in volume 1 on pages 104-111.

Moorcock, Michael. Wizardry and Wild Romance: A Study of Epic Fantasy. London: Victor Gollancz, 1987. Chapter 1 discusses Amadís of Gaul as the primary ancestor of the modern genre of fantasy.

Northup, George Tyler. An Introduction to Spanish Literature. 3d ed., revised by Nicholson B. Adams. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1960. Describes the origins of chivalric romance, discussing the authorship and influence of Amadís of Gaul.

Place, Edwin B., and Herber C. Behm. Amadís of Gaul: A Romance of Chivalry of the Fourteenth Century Presumably First Written in Spanish. 2 vols. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1974. A full English translation of the work from the earliest available source; the introduction offers a brief history of the text.

Williams, Grace S. “The Amadís Question.” Revue Hispanique 21 (1909): 1-167. A comprehensive discussion of the origins of the story and its various versions.