Allied Invasion of France (Chronology of European History)
Article abstract: The Allied invasion of France is one of the most complicated military exercises in history and, along with the invasion of southern France, provides Allied forces with beachheads from which German forces can be attacked.
Summary of Event
After the German victory over France in 1940, one of the main objectives of the Allied powers was to invade France and inflict defeat upon Germany. Indeed, when the United States entered the European conflict in 1941, American generals proposed an immediate Anglo-American invasion of France as the first and most important step in defeating Germany. This proposal for an immediate invasion did not match British plans; Winston Churchill, was afraid that an invasion with the limited resources then available would fail. He proposed instead that an attack upon German and Italian troops in the Mediterranean would offer greater advantages with fewer troops.
Franklin D. Roosevelt, together with General George C. Marshall, continued to press for an invasion of France. So also did Joseph Stalin, the Soviet dictator, who wanted a second front to take German pressure off the battlefields in Russia. Although adequate troops were available, landing craft were insufficient for such a large operation because they were divided between the Pacific and European theaters. It was not until 1944 that the Allies had sufficient craft to support an invasion of France.
(The entire section is 1182 words.)
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