Paul Bäumer (powl BOY-mehr), a nineteen-year-old soldier in the German army during World War I. Because he has been drafted so young, he wonders what he will be able to do to earn a living if he ever becomes a civilian again. In a battle, he stabs a French soldier and then, filled with remorse, tries to relieve the dying man’s pain. When his conscience hurts him afterward, his comrades tell him that he has committed no crime. As the war drags on and more of his comrades fall, Paul becomes lonely and philosophical, but the meaning of the war still eludes him. One day in October, 1918, a quiet day on the Western front shortly before the war’s end, he is killed by a stray bullet.
Albert Kropp, a German soldier, one of Paul’s comrades. He loses a leg and is jealous of Paul, who, though wounded, loses no limbs.
Müller (MYEWL-ur), a German soldier, a comrade of Paul. He gets Kemmerich’s boots when the man is killed. Later, at his death, the boots go to Paul.
Leer, a German soldier, one of Paul’s comrades.
Stanislaus Katczinsky (STAH-nihs-lows kaht-SHIHNS-kee), a German soldier nicknamed Kat. When he is wounded, Paul tries to rescue him, only to have Kat killed just before they reach safety.
Tjaden (TJAH-dehn), a German soldier. He is punished for insulting Corporal Himmelstoss but feels that the chance to insult the corporal was well worth the punishment.
Haie Westhus (HI-a WAST-hews), a German soldier killed while Paul is on leave.
Detering (DAY-teh-rihng), one of Paul’s comrades, a farmer before the war.
Kemmerich, one of Paul’s comrades. He has a fine pair of boots that his friend Müller takes when he dies.
Corporal Himmelstoss (HIHM-mal-stohs), a petty martinet who treats his soldiers cruelly.
Frau Bäumer, Paul’s mother. She saves her son’s favorite foods from her meager rations so that he can have them when he is on leave. She is dying of cancer.
Herr Bäumer, Paul’s father.
Erna Bäumer, Paul’s sister.