Aleksandr Fyodorovich Kerensky (Dictionary of World Biography: Twentieth Century)
Article abstract: Kerensky was the leading figure in the short-lived Provisional Government that replaced the deposed Czar Nicholas II and was in turn displaced by the Bolshevik (Communist) Party of Vladimir Ilich Lenin during the Russian Revolution of 1917. He attempted unsuccessfully to establish a liberal democratic government in Russia.
Born in Simbirsk (now Ulyanovsk), Russia, on May 2, 1881, Aleksandr Fyodorovich Kerensky was the eldest son of Fyodor Mikhailovich Kerensky, a schoolteacher and administrator, and his wife, Nadezhda Aleksandrovna (née Adler), the daughter of a prominent military officer and topographer. During their son’s earliest years in Simbirsk, the Kerenskys’ social and professional circle undoubtedly included Ilya Nikolaevich Ulyanov, another local school official, and his son Vladimir Ilich, who, under the pseudonym Lenin, was later to become Aleksandr’s chief antagonist during the stormy days of the Revolution of 1917. Since, however, the future Lenin was more than ten years older than young Aleksandr, there is no evidence that the two were at all acquainted as children.
In 1889, Fyodor Kerensky moved his family from Simbirsk to the frontier city of Tashkent in distant Central Asia, where he had been appointed head of the Turkestan educational administration. Eleven years later, having completed his basic education in Tashkent, Aleksandr traveled to the then...
(The entire section is 2312 words.)
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