Alcuin Becomes Adviser to Charlemagne (Chronology of European History)
Article abstract: Alcuin becomes adviser to Charlemagne, initiating a flowering of intellectual and cultural achievement that is known as the Carolingian Renaissance.
Summary of Event
Alcuin was a scholar and teacher. He was educated at the cathedral school at York where he remained first as a scholar in residence and later as head of the school and its library.
In 780-781, the Northumbrian king Elfwald sent Alcuin on a mission to Rome to ask for papal confirmation of Eanbald as the new archbishop of York. Around Easter, 781, as Alcuin was returning from Rome to York, he met Charlemagne in northern Italy at Parma. Because Charlemagne was eager to foster a program of education for clergy and laypersons throughout his kingdom, he urged Alcuin, who was famous for his educational endeavors at York, to join his court. Although Alcuin hated to leave his native York, Charlemagne persuaded him. Alcuin arrived at the Frankish court of Charlemagne in 782. With the exception of several visits to England, Alcuin remained in the Frankish kingdom, first connected with the court and, from 796 until his death in 804, as abbot of the great Carolingian monastery of Saint-Martin at Tours.
With the fall of the Roman Empire in 476 c.e., classical culture, including Latin literature, education, literacy, and the arts, declined. In the various Germanic kingdoms that succeeded the Roman Empire in Europe, monasteries...
(The entire section is 1492 words.)
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