Alcide De Gasperi (Dictionary of World Biography: Twentieth Century)
Article abstract: De Gasperi was the only political leader to preside over Italy’s eight consecutive governments from December, 1945, to August, 1953. He led Italy to its post-World War II national reconstruction and aligned it with the West.
Alcide Degasperi was born in Pieve Tesino, in the Valsugana, on April 3, 1881, to Amedeo Degasperi and Maria Morandini. Three years later, his father, a marshal of the local gendarmery, was transferred to Civezzano, where young Alcide started his education under the supervision of the chaplain, Vittorio Merler. Before turning eighteen, Degasperi was listed by the Austrian police as a pro-Italian irredentist.
In 1900, he was graduated from the Emperial Royal Gymnasium of Trent and enrolled at the University of Vienna in the department of philosophy. His years at the university were not limited to academic studies. Degasperi engaged as speaker and organizer of political and cultural conferences, workers’ labor unions, credit unions, and low-cost housing associations. Also, he found enough time to write articles to La Voce Cattolica and Fede e Lavoro, in which he analyzed social, political, cultural, economic, and religious issues. In November, 1903, Degasperi and other Italian university students gathered in Innsbruck to celebrate the inauguration of the academic year at the Law School of Wilten, run by Italian faculty in association with...
(The entire section is 2854 words.)
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