Albanian Chieftains Are United Under Skanderbeg (Chronology of European History)
Article abstract: Albanian chieftains are united under Skanderbeg as part of the League of Lezha, preserving Albanian freedom for nearly forty years and establishing Albanian national identity.
Summary of Event
Born George Kastriote, Skanderbeg was the youngest son of John Kastriote, prince of Emathia. Although John Kastriote was a vassal of the Ottoman Turks, he participated in a series of unsuccessful revolts against them during the 1430’s. His youngest son, George, was sent to the sultan as a hostage in 1414, and probably was sent again in 1423. Here, George was given the name Skander (Alexander) and was enrolled as a Janissary, a corps of troops recruited by taking non-Muslim children as slaves of the sultan. Here, Skander attended the military school for pages. In 1426 or 1427, he became a Siphai, a landed vassal required to supply mounted troops to the sultan. In 1438, Skander was made a “Beg” (or bey, a title of nobility) and was appointed governor (vali) of three small communities in the Vilayet, or province, of Kruja. Later, in 1440, he apparently moved to the large province of Dibra.
In 1443, the Hungarian leader János Hunyadi organized a campaign against the Ottomans and called the Balkan princes to join him as his Hungarians marched south. The sultan rallied his vassals, and Skanderbeg marched to join him. On November 3, the Hungarians attacked at Niš...
(The entire section is 1576 words.)
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