Albania Opens Doors to Foreign Nationals (Chronology of European History)
Article abstract: Albania opens its doors to foreign nationals, resulting in a mass exodus of Albanians and an influx of Albanian exiles and foreigners.
Summary of Event
Led by Enver Hoxha, the Albanian Communist Party, later named the Albanian Party of Labor, established a tightly controlled, Stalinist regime following World War II. Hoxha’s regime systematically isolated Albanians from external influences, excluding all foreigners excepting, successively Yugoslav, Russian, and Chinese advisers and technical experts. Albanians, excepting those sent abroad for training in professional fields and members of diplomatic or trade missions were strictly prohibited from leaving the country. Frontier guards literally shot down foreigners wandering into Albania and arrested or killed Albanians attempting to flee the country. After the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia, Hoxha’s government began cautiously dealing with selected Western countries and Albania’s neighbors. In 1973, Hoxha, following a heart attack, began planning for preservation of his system. In 1976, a new, very restrictive constitution, designed to ensure continuation of his policy after his death, was enacted. On July 7, 1977, an article entitled “The Theory and Practice of Revolution,” published in Zeri i Populit, the official newspaper, attacked Chinese policy without mentioning China and marked the breaking point in Chinese-Albanian...
(The entire section is 1644 words.)
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