Alan Mathison Turing (Dictionary of World Biography: Twentieth Century)
Article abstract: Through his research on computable functions and artificial intelligence, Turing prepared the foundation for modern computer science. His work during World War II breaking German codes for the British government was of major value to the Allied effort in Europe.
Alan Mathison Turing was born June 23, 1912, in London, England. His mother, née Ethel Sara Stoney, and his father, Julius Mathison Turing, were both of middle-class, Protestant British families. Both Turing and his brother John were educated in British boarding schools while their father served in the British civil service in India. Turing matriculated at the Sherbourne School in Dorset, rather than at one of the more fashionable public schools, because his family believed that the school would offer a more conducive environment for their socially awkward child. At Sherbourne, Turing distinguished himself in mathematics and science but was an indifferent student of other subjects. Already, his lifelong interest in scientific matters and passionate determination to learn by self-discovery rather than through reading were well established.
Turing’s most enduring scientific accomplishment was conceived during his undergraduate years at Cambridge University. Turing entered King’s College, Cambridge, in 1931 and remained there until 1936, during which time he completed his baccalaureate...
(The entire section is 1546 words.)
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