Agamemnon (Myths and Legends of the World)
According to Greek mythology, Agamemnon was the king of Mycenae, a kingdom of legendary Greece. The leader of the Greeks in the , he is one of the central figures in the Iliad, Homer's epic poem about the war. Greek writers generally portray Agamemnon as courageous but also as arrogant and overly proud, flaws that sometimes cause him misfortune and eventually lead to his death. The story of Agamemnon is often seen as a warning about the dangers of hubris.excessive pride or self-confidence
Agamemnon's Background. Agamemnon was one of two sons of Atreus, the king of Mycenae. While Agamemnon was still a youth, Atreus was murdered by his brother. Agamemnon and his brother, Menelaus, fled to the of Sparta, where they found refuge and protection from King Tyndareos. The king gave his daughters to the brothers as wives. One daughter, Clytemnestra, was already married, but Agamemnon killed her husband, Tantalus, and then married her. Menelaus took her beautiful sister Helen as his bride.
Agamemnon later returned to Mycenae, killed his uncle, and reclaimed the throne of his father. He and Clytemnestra eventually had three daughtershrysothemis, Electra, and Iphigeniand a son, Orestes. Meanwhile, Menelaus became king of Sparta after the death of Tyndareos.
Some time later, Paris, the second son of King...
(The entire section is 1147 words.)
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