Activism (American Indians Ready Reference)
Article abstract: In the mid-1960's, American Indians embarked on a new phase in their dealings with the U.S. government and its citizens, one marked by proactive insistence on rights that had been secured by treaty with the United States
During the Eisenhower Administration (1953-1961), the official U.S. government policy toward American Indians was one of “termination.” By this policy, the government meant to end the special legal status of American Indians and to encourage the assimilation of native people into the U.S. citizenry. Alongside the policy of termination was the policy of “relocation,” through which American Indians were to be taken off traditional land bases and relocated in urban areas for training and employment. The necessary complement to termination and relocation, in the government's view, was the abolishing of treaty rights for all the tribes. By the beginning of the Civil Rights movement, however, some American Indians were beginning to adopt some of the tactics and strategies used by Civil Rights protesters. Because many American Indians believed that most treaties had been violated over and over again, the route of active protest seemed a natural one.
In 1964, the National Indian Youth Council (NIYC) organized a fish-in in Washington State. Tribes there had increasingly been prohibited from fishing in waters granted to them by treaty. Sportsmen and...
(The entire section is 2534 words.)
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