Act of Settlement (Chronology of European History)
Article abstract: The Act of Settlement ensures the Protestant succession to the English throne and increases the power of Parliament.
Summary of Event
The 1701 Act of Settlement anticipated the likelihood that the succession to the English throne as limited by the Bill of Rights of 1689 would fail. Earlier, in 1687 and 1688, in an attempt to procure liberty of conscience for his Christian subjects, the Catholic James II (James VII in Scotland) had issued proclamations which bitterly alienated the Church of England. He had also eluded the Test Act of 1673, which excluded Catholics from all civil and military offices and Parliament by providing them with military commissions, and promoting them to high office. These affronts to Parliament contributed to his overthrow, which was accelerated by the birth of his son in June, 1688. The notion of a Catholic succession led the Parliamentary opposition to solicit James’s elder daughter Mary and her Dutch Protestant husband, William of Orange, to accept the British monarchy. On February 13, 1689, Mary and her husband William were jointly offered the throne, and on April 11 she, as James’s daughter, became Queen Mary II, and William, her husband, became William III.
The Bill of Rights concluded the bloodless Glorious Revolution and settled the succession on Mary’s children, and in default of issue, on the children of her sister Anne, and then on those of...
(The entire section is 1355 words.)
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