Acoustics (Encyclopedia of Science)
Acoustics is the science that deals with the production, transmission, and reception of sound. The first scientist to study sound scientifically was German physicist Ernst Florens Friedrich Chladni (1756827). Chladni was an amateur musician who became interested in finding mathematical equations to describe musical sounds. Because of his work, he is often called the father of acoustics.
Acoustics has many applications in the everyday world. When you have your hearing checked by a technician, that person makes use of the principles of acoustics. Those same principles are also used in the architectural design of concert halls.
The study of sound can be subdivided into three parts: production, transmission, and reception. All three elements are necessary in order for sound to occur. For example, a ringing alarm clock cannot be heard if it
is placed inside a jar from which all air has been removed. Without air, sound produced by the clock has no medium through which...
(The entire section is 2295 words.)
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