Abortion, Induced (Encyclopedia of Surgery)
Induced abortion is the intentional termination of a pregnancy before the fetus can live independently. An abortion may be elective (based on a woman's personal choice) or therapeutic (to preserve the health or save the life of a pregnant woman).
An abortion may be performed whenever there is some compelling reason to end a pregnancy. An abortion is termed "induced" to differentiate it from a spontaneous abortion in which the products of conception are lost naturally (also called a miscarriage).
An abortion is considered to be elective if a woman chooses to end her pregnancy, and it is not for maternal or fetal health reasons. Some reasons a woman might choose to have an elective abortion are:
- Continuation of the pregnancy may cause emotional or financial hardship.
- The woman is not ready to become a parent.
- The pregnancy was unintended.
- The woman is pressured into having one by her partner, parents, or others.
- The pregnancy was the result of rape or incest.
A therapeutic abortion is performed in order to preserve the health or save the life of a pregnant woman. A health...
(The entire section is 2959 words.)
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