Abdication of Charles V (Chronology of European History)
Article abstract: The abdication of Charles V divides his lands between his son Philip and his brother Ferdinand, separating the Spanish and German territories and laying the foundation for the greatness of Spain.
Summary of Event
Charles V, the Holy Roman Emperor who also ruled Spain as Charles I, had inherited the largest empire of his day. From his mother, he inherited his claim to the Spanish throne and to Spain’s overseas empire and its territories in Italy. From his father, he inherited the Low Countries and the Habsburg lands in central Europe. Charles encountered enormous problems in attempting to rule such an extensive and diverse area. He fought the Turks in central Europe and in the Mediterranean, repressed rebellion in the Low Countries, tried to suppress the Protestant Reformation in the German principalities, worked to protect his developing empire in the New World, and fended off attempts by the kings of France to break the encirclement of France by Habsburg territories. Charles also had constant money problems. The accumulated pressures of these responsibilities adversely affected Charles’s health. He was frequently incapacitated for long periods of time and became discouraged over his inability to accomplish his religious and political objectives in the German states and the Low Countries.
When Charles V left Germany in 1553, he had in all probability already decided to lay down at least...
(The entire section is 1491 words.)
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