The Way It Is
By: Curt Flood, with Richard Carter
Source: Flood, Curt, with Richard Carter. The Way It Is. New York: Trident Press, 1971, 14–16, 184, 185–186, 188, 189–191, 192–193.
About the Author: Curt Flood (1938–1997) was born in Houston, Texas. After high school, Flood signed as an outfielder with the Cincinnati Reds before being traded to the St. Louis Cardinals in 1958. Flood spent twelve seasons with Cardinals, winning seven gold gloves, and helping St. Louis to three World Series championships. Flood was traded to Philadelphia Phillies after the 1969 season. Refusing to report, Flood sued baseball for his freedom from the reserve clause. While his case was on appeal, Flood played two months with the Washington Senators before quitting. In retirement, Flood was a portrait painter, broadcaster, and community recreation official.
"Curt Flood's Thirteenth Amendment"
By: Red Smith
Source: Smith, Red. "Curt Flood's Thirteenth Amendment." 1969. Reprinted in The Red Smith Reader. Dave Anderson, ed. New York: Vintage Books,...
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By: Jim Bouton
Source: Bouton, Jim. Ball Four: My Life and Hard Times Throwing the Knuckleball in the Big Leagues. Leonard Shecter, ed. Cleveland, Ohio: The World Publishing Company, 1970, 29–31, 89–90, 238.
About the Author: Jim Bouton (1939–) was born in Newark, New Jersey. After attending Western Michigan University, Bouton signed with the New York Yankees. After winning twenty-one games in 1963 and eighteen the following season (plus two World Series victories), Bouton hurt his arm, and by 1967 was demoted to the minor leagues. In 1969, Bouton pitched for the expansion Seattle Pilots, before being traded to the Houston Astros. He retired in 1970. In 1978, Bouton came back and pitched a season for the Atlanta Braves. Since then, Bouton has been involved in various baseball-related enterprises.
In the early 1960s, Jim Bouton was one of baseball's most promising young pitchers. Signed out of Western Michigan University by the New York Yankees, Bouton made the major leagues in 1962, and within a year had made an impact. Bouton won twenty-one games against seven losses in 1963, and the next season he went 18-13 and won two World Series games in the Yankees' seven-game loss to the St. Louis...
(The entire section is 2519 words.)
Bobby Orr: My Game
By: Bobby Orr, with Mark Mulvoy
Source: Orr, Bobby, with Mark Mulvoy. Bobby Orr: My Game. Boston: Little, Brown, 1974, 40–44, 56–58.
About the Author: Bobby Orr (1948–) was born in Parry Sound, Ontario, Canada. Discovered at twelve as a hockey phenom, Orr signed a junior amateur contract. The Boston Bruins signed Orr to a professional contract in 1966, and he was named Rookie of the Year at eighteen. Orr won the Norris Trophy as best defenseman eight consecutive seasons, and led the Boston Bruins to Stanley Cup championships in 1970 and 1972. Orr's career was shortened by several knee operations, and he retired after twelve National Hockey League (NHL) seasons. In retirement, Orr has been a commercial spokesman and is a player agent.
"Sportsman of the Year: Bobby Orr"
By: Jack Olsen
Date: December 21, 1970
Source: Olsen, Jack. "Sportsman of the Year: Bobby Orr." Sports Illustrated, December 21, 1970, 36, 39, 42.
About the Author: Jack Olsen (1925–2002) was born in Indianapolis, Indiana. Olsen...
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By: Norman Mailer
Date: March 19, 1971
Source: Mailer, Norman. "Ego." Life 70, March 19, 1971, 30, 32–36.
About the Author: Norman Mailer (1923–) was born in Long Branch, New Jersey. After graduating from Harvard and military service in World War II (1939–1945), Mailer began writing, publishing his first book, The Naked and the Dead, a best selling novel in 1948. Mailer has written over thirty books, including novels, plays, political commentary, and essay collections, as well as numerous magazine articles. He won the Pulitzer Prize in 1969 and 1979.
Muhammad Ali's conviction for draft evasion in 1967, and the subsequent stripping of his heavyweight championship title, created an opening for several challengers. Emerging from the group of fighters was Joe Frazier. Frazier was born in South Carolina and moved to Philadelphia, where he took up boxing. After winning the heavyweight boxing gold medal at the 1964 Tokyo Olympics, Frazier turned professional the next year—capturing the vacant New York heavyweight championship with an eleventh round knockout of Buster Mathis in 1968, followed by the world crown in 1970.
In late 1970, while Ali's appeal was being decided by...
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My Wide World
By: Jim McKay
Source: McKay, Jim. My Wide World. New York: Macmillan, 1973, 200–203, 208, 211–214, 216–219, 221, 224–227.
About the Author: Jim McKay (1921–) was born James McManus in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. After college and military service in World War II (1939–1945), McManus joined the Baltimore Evening Sun as a reporter, and a year later for the newspaper's TV station. Beginning in 1950 and over the next decade, McManus, given the professional name McKay, worked as a sportscaster and television show host for CBS. In 1961, ABC hired McKay to host the new Wide World of Sports program. Over the next three decades, McKay broadcast nearly every important ABC sporting event, including five Olympics. In retirement, McKay resides on a horse farm in Maryland.
"The Show Goes On"
By: Red Smith
Date: September 6, 1972
Source: Smith, Red. "The Show Goes On." The New York Times, September 6, 1972.
About the Author: Red Smith (1905–1982) was born in Green Bay, Wisconsin. After...
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"A Little Greedy, and Exactly Right"
By: Red Smith
Date: June 11, 1973
Source: Smith, Red. "A Little Greedy, and Exactly Right." The New York Times, June 11, 1973.
About the Author: Red Smith (1905–1982) was born in Green Bay, Wisconsin. After graduating from Notre Dame in 1927, Smith was a reporter for the Milwaukee Sentinel, and copyeditor and sportswriter for the St. Louis Star-Times. In 1936, Smith moved to the Philadelphia Record, then the New York Herald-Tribune nine years later, becoming one of America's most respected sportswriters. After the Herald-Tribune folded in 1967, Smith wrote in syndication until joining The New York Times in 1971, remaining there until his death. Smith authored several collections of his columns, and won numerous honors, including the Pulitzer Prize in 1976.
By the early 1970s, a quarter century had passed since Citation had won horse racing's Triple Crown (Kentucky Derby, Preakness, Belmont Stakes). In the ensuing years, none of the great thoroughbreds had won the Triple Crown. But nobody had seen true greatness in horseracing until the arrival of Secretariat.
Secretariat was born March 29, 1970, at Meadow Stable in Doswell, Virginia,...
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Hank Aaron Sets New Home Run Record
I Had a Hammer: The Hank Aaron Story
By: Henry Aaron, with Lonnie Wheeler
Source: Aaron, Henry, with Lonnie Wheeler. I Had a Hammer: The Hank Aaron Story. New York: HarperCollins, 1991, 235–236, 238, 242–243, 266–272.
About the Author: Henry Aaron (1934–) was born in Mobile, Alabama. After high school, Aaron played with the Negro League Indianapolis Clowns, before signing with the Boston Braves in 1952. Aaron spent twenty-one seasons in Milwaukee and Atlanta, leading the Braves to World Series appearances in 1957 and 1958, and a championship in 1957. After breaking Babe Ruth's home run record, Aaron spent his final two seasons with the Milwaukee Brewers, retiring in 1976 with twelve major league records—including most career home runs with 755. After retirement, Aaron became director of player development for the Braves, and has been involved in other baseball-related activities.
Interview by Phil Pepe
By: Al Downing
Source: Downing, Al. Interview by Phil Pepe. In Talkin' Baseball: An Oral History of Baseball in the 1970s. New York:...
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Paul "Bear" Bryant
Bear: The Hard Life and Good Times of Alabama's Coach Bryant
By: Paul W. Bryant and John Underwood
Source: Bryant, Paul W., and John Underwood. Bear: The Hard Life and Good Times of Alabama's Coach Bryant. Boston: Little, Brown, 1974, 199–200, 202–205, 207.
About the Author: Paul W. "Bear" Bryant (1919–1983) was born in Kingsland, Arkansas. He coached football at the University of Alabama from 1936 to 1940, and again from 1958 to 1983. In between his tenures there, he coached at Vanderbuilt University (1940–1941), the University of Maryland (1945–1946), the University of Kentucky (1946–1953), and Texas A&M (1954–1958). He led Alabama to twenty-five winning seasons, twenty-four bowl games, and six national championships. At the time of his death he had won more games (323) than any other coach in college football history.
"The Bear's Superstudents: Trials and Triumphs"
By: Joe Namath, and Ken Stabler
Date: September 29, 1980
Source: "The Bear's Superstudents: Trials and Triumphs." Time, September 29, 1980, 74.
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By: Billie Jean King, with Kim Chapin
Source: King, Billie Jean, with Kim Chapin. Billie Jean. New York: Harper & Row, 1974, 164, 165, 168, 169, 177–186.
About the Author: Billie Jean King (1943–) was born in Long Beach, California. At seventeen, King won her first tennis title, in doubles, at Wimbledon in 1960. Over the next twenty years, King won nearly every major tennis championship, including twenty titles at Wimbledon, and thirty United States Open titles. A tireless promoter of tennis and outspoken advocate of women's sports, King was the first female to coach male professional athletes in the United States. She has written five books on tennis techniques and two memoirs.
Prior to the late 1960s, women's tennis received neither the media attention nor anywhere near the prize money of men professionals. As the women's movement impacted much of American society, sports were also affected—and the acknowledged champion of feminism in sport was tennis's Billie Jean King. King was the dominant women's player in the world during the 1960s and 1970s, winning over fifty major championships. As the first president of the Women's Tennis Association (WTA), King played a strong part in...
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Arthur Ashe and Jimmy Connors
"Catching Connors in the Stretch"
By: Arthur Ashe
Source: Ashe, Arthur. "Catching Connors in the Stretch." Sports Illustrated, July 21, 1975, 20–21.
About the Author: Arthur Ashe (1943–1993) was born in Richmond, Virginia. Ashe graduated from UCLA and won the U.S. Open as an amateur in 1968. Turning professional in 1969, Ashe won fifty-one tournaments, including the 1970 Australian Open and Wimbledon in 1975. Ashe also played for and captained the U.S. Davis Cup team. Retiring from competition after a 1979 heart attack, Ashe contracted AIDS from a blood transfusion in 1983. In his last years, Ashe was a human rights activist and author.
"Tennis in Cold Blood"
By: Dave Anderson
Date: July 6, 1975
Source: Anderson, Dave. "Tennis in Cold Blood." The New York Times, July 6, 1975.
About the Author: Dave Anderson (1929–) was born in Troy, New York. After graduating from Holy Cross in 1951, Anderson wrote sports for the Brooklyn Eagle until 1955, then for the New York Journal-American until 1966, when he...
(The entire section is 3581 words.)
Larry Bird and Earvin "Magic" Johnson
Drive: The Story of My Life
By: Larry Bird, with Bob Ryan
Source: Bird, Larry, with Bob Ryan. Drive: The Story of My Life. New York: Doubleday, 1989, 56–58.
About the Author: Larry Bird (1956–) was born in West Baden, Indiana. After briefly attending Indiana University, Bird transferred to Indiana State University, where he was a two-time All-American basketball player. After leading Indiana State to the NCAA championship game in 1979, Bird signed with the Boston Celtics of the NBA, who selected him in a supplemental draft a year earlier. In his thirteen-season career (1979–1992) with the Celtics, Bird lead Boston to three NBA championships, won three Most Valuable Player awards, and scored 21,791 career points. After retirement, Bird coached the Indiana Pacers for three seasons. Bird was enshrined in Basketball's Hall of Fame in 1998.
By: Earvin "Magic" Johnson, with William Novak
Source: Johnson, Earvin, with William Novak. My Life. New York: Random House, 1992, 81–84.
About the Author: Earvin "Magic"...
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The Oakland A's
Reggie: The Autobiography
By: Reggie Jackson, with Mike Lupica
Source: Jackson, Reggie, with Mike Lupica. Reggie: The Autobiography. New York: Villard Books, 1984, 66–67, 70–71, 77–78.
About the Author: Reggie Jackson (1946–) was born in Wyncote, Pennsylvania. Attending Arizona State on a football scholarship, Jackson turned to baseball and was drafted by the Kansas City Athletics. By 1969, Jackson was a star player, hitting forty-seven home runs. After leading the Oakland A's to three consecutive World Series, Jackson was traded to the Baltimore Orioles in 1976; he signed with the New York Yankees as a free agent a year later. In five seasons with the Yankees, Jackson won two more World Series, hitting three homers in game six in 1977. After spending several seasons with the California Angels and Athletics again, Jackson retired in 1987, and has been a broadcaster, businessman, and consultant to the Yankees. Jackson was inducted into Baseball's Hall of Fame in 1993 in his first year of eligibility.
No More Mr. Nice Guy: A Life of Hardball
By: Dick Williams, and Bill Plaschke
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Olympic Gold: A Runner's Life and Times
By: Frank Shorter, with Marc Bloom
Source: Shorter, Frank, with Marc Bloom. Olympic Gold: A Runner's Life and Times. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1984, 74–87.
About the Author: Frank Shorter (1947–) was born in Munich, Germany, and graduated from Yale University in 1969. Beginning competitive running in prep school and in college, Shorter was NCAA champion at the three-and six-mile distances. Moving into marathon running, Shorter won the Olympic gold medal in 1972, the silver medal in 1976, and was considered the world's best long-distance runner in the 1970s. Over the years, Shorter has practiced law, owned a chain of athletic clothing stores, and been a sports commentator. Shorter was inducted into the U.S. Olympic Hall of Fame in 1984, and he was inducted into the U.S. Track and Field Hall of Fame in 1989.
In 1908, American Johnny Hayes was declared the winner of the Olympic marathon when an Italian runner, the first to reach the finish line, was helped across while staggering, and therefore disqualified. Over the next sixty-four years, no American marathoner won the Olympic event. In 1972, the United States had a strong contingent in the marathon. Frank Shorter, born in Munich, Yale...
(The entire section is 2850 words.)
A Steeler Odyssey
By: Andy Russell
Source: Russell, Andy. A Steeler Odyssey. Champaign, Ill.: Sports Publishing, 1998. Excerpt reprinted as "Joe Greene." In The Steelers Reader. Randy Roberts, and David Welky, eds. Pittsburgh: The University of Pittsburgh Press, 2001, 189–192, 195–198.
About the Author: Andy Russell (1941–) was born in Detroit, Michigan. After college at the University of Missouri, Russell played as a rookie starting linebacker for the Pittsburgh Steelers in 1963 before serving two years in the Army. In 1966, Russell returned to the Steelers to play eleven more seasons, retiring in 1976. Russell played in seven Pro Bowls and on two Super Bowl-winning Steelers teams. In retirement, Russell has been in business and banking.
For most of its first thirty-five years of existence in the NFL, the Pittsburgh Steelers was a mediocre or sorry football team, which had never won even a divisional title. Coaches and players had come and gone; some, like quarterback Johnny Unitas, became legends elsewhere. In 1969, the Steelers management made two decisions which changed its history: it hired Chuck Noll, a Baltimore Colts defensive assistant as head coach, and drafted defensive lineman "Mean" Joe Greene...
(The entire section is 3186 words.)