The 1920s brought many changes in American education. The post—World War I baby boom led to dramatic increases in the numbers of students attending school and a marked rise in the demand for teachers. Social and economic factors produced such phenomena as the Red Scare, religious controversy, and political strife, which in turn influenced education in the United States. New classes in the sciences, physical education, home economics, geography, and industrial arts expanded the curriculum from the traditional focus on the Three Rs (readin', ritin', and' rithmetic).
Continuation of Segregation.
The doctrine of "separate but equal" schools for ethnic minorities had been established by Plessy v. Ferguson, a case argued before the United States Supreme Court in 1896. The "separate but equal" doctrine allowed states to maintain segregated schools as long as equal services were provided for blacks and whites. In arriving at this decision, the Supreme Court construed the Fourteenth Amendment as providing a sanction for segregation. The Court held that the object of the amendment, which declared that the rights of a U.S. citizen could not be abridged by the state in which he lived, was to "secure absolute equality of the two races before the law," but not in the same classrooms.
(The entire section is 820 words.)
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