1179 (The People's Chronology)
Richard de Lucy resigns his judicial office, enters the Lesnes Abbey that he founded last year in Kent as penance for his part in the events leading to the murder of Thomas Becket in 1170, and dies there July 14. England's sole chief justiciar since 1168, he has virtually controlled the country during Henry II's long absences fighting rebels in Anjou, Normandy, and the north of England.
The Pact of Cazorla allies Aragon's Alfonso II with Castile's Alfonso VIII.
The Japanese samurai Kiyomori Taira confines the former emperor Goshirakawa to his quarters after discovering that Goshirakawa has tried to confiscate the estates of Kiyomori's deceased children (see 1160; 1180).
Pope Alexander III prohibits the Waldensians from preaching without permission of the bishops, but Peter Waldo replies that he must obey God, not man (see 1173; 1184).
German abbess Hildegard von Bingen dies at Rupertsberg near Bingen September 17 at age 81, having founded a monastery and written scientific and medical treatises, accounts of her revelations, and lyrical poetry. Her visions and miracles have made her famous throughout Europe.
A faction opposed to Pope Alexander III elects Lando Cardinal di Sezze September 29, and he will reign until early next year as the antipope Innocent III.
The Westminster School has its beginnings in a charity school founded by Benedectine monks near London's Westminster Abbey (see 1540).
Motets and songs composed by the late Hildegard von Bingen will be performed for the rest of this millennium and at least part of the next.