1127 (The People's Chronology)
Sicily's Roger II claims the Hauteville possessions in Italy and also claims overlordship of Capua, but subjects of Apulia resist union with Sicily. They gain support from Pope Honorius II, who sets Roger II of Capua and his brother-in-law Ranulf of Alife (Avellino) against the Sicilian king, excommunicates him, and lays claim himself as feudal overlord to Norman possessions in southern Italy.
Charles the Good, Count of Flanders, is murdered. He has no children, France's Louis VI tries to impose the son of Normandy's Robert II Curthose as ruler, but the Flemish towns (Ghent, Bruges, Ypres) force the selection of Thierry of Alsace as the new count.
Factions opposed to the new German king Lothair elect Conrad, duke of Franconia, antiking at Nuremberg December 18 (see 1125; 1128).
Invading Nüzhen (Juchen) tribesmen end China's Northern Sung (Song) dynasty, sack its capital city of Kaifeng (Kai-feng), and capture the former emperor Huizong (Ch'in-tsung) along with his son Qinzong. Hui had made an alliance with the Nüzhen to counter a threat from the expanding Liao empire (formerly the Qi Dan [Khitan] empire) to the north, but the Nüzhen have seen their opportunity; they take Hui and his son to Manchuria, where the two will be held in squalid conditions until their deaths. Qinzong's 20-year-old younger brother, who will be known as Gaozong (Kao-tsung), reestablishes the dynasty at Lin An in the South, but with far less territory, and when the Nüzhen try to pursue him their cavalrymen have trouble negotiating the rivers and hills of South China, where they are held off by the 24-year-old Sung general Yue Fei (Yüeh Fei) (see 1141).