1119 (The People's Chronology)
Charles le Bon becomes count of Flanders at age 36. A son of Denmark's late Canute IV and a grandson of Robert I the Frisian, Charles tries to promote the welfare of the Flemish and will rule until 1127.
England's Henry I defeats France's Louis VI and his 400 Norman knights in late August at what will be remembered as the Battle of Bremule, a skirmish that begins with the French launching a fierce but disordered attack and ends with the French turning tail. Henry dissuades the new pope Callistus (or Calixtus) II from supporting French rebels who have rallied behind William the Clito, son of his imprisoned brother Robert (Henry released Clito after the victory at Tinchebrai in 1106).
Pope Gelasius II dies in exile at Cluny in Burgundy January 29 while planning a council at Reims after a 1-year reign. The cardinals meeting at Cluny elect the bishop Guido of Vienne, fifth son of William, count of Burgundy, who is crowned at Vienne February 9. He meets with England's Henry I at Gisors, recognizes the rightful imprisonment of Robert II Curthose and the legitimate claim of Henry's only legitimate son, William of Aethling, to the English throne, barring the claim of William Clito, who has the support of France's Louis VI. The new pope takes the name Callistus (or Calixtus) II, presides over a synod at Toulouse to address issues of reform in the French Church, goes on to preside with France's Louis VI over the great council at Reims with some 400 prelates in attendance, but will not be consecrated until 1124. The Holy Roman Emperor Heinrich V temporarily withdraws his support from the antipope Gregory VIII, but when the emperor comes to Mousson with a large army Callistus refuses to meet with him and excommunicates him.