1118 (The People's Chronology)
Sweden's king Filip Halstensson is deposed after a 6-year reign; his cousin will continue to reign until 1125 as Ingold II Halstensson (Inge the Younger).
Baldwin I, king of Jerusalem, dies at al-Arish, Egypt, April 2 at age 49 (approximate). He is succeeded by a cousin, Baldwin du Bourg, whom he named count of Edessa in 1100.
The Byzantine emperor Alexius I Comnenus dies August 15 at age 70 after having the heretic Bogomilian leader Basilius burned to death. He has regained some control over western Anatolia, advanced into the southeast Taurus region, and secured much of the fertile coastal plain in the region of Adana and Tarsus in his 37-year reign but has not been able to prevent some erosion in Byzantine power. Alexius I is succeeded by his son, 30, who will reign until 1143 as John II Comnenus.
Aragon's Alfonso I (the Battler) captures Saragossa December 18 from the Almoravid leader Ali ibn Yusuf, who took Saragossa 8 years ago and whose late father, Yusuf ibn Tashufin, defeated Castile and León's Alfonso VI in 1086. The Aragonese go on to reconquer many of the valleys of the Jalón and of the Jiloca.
The 15-year-old Japanese emperor Toba takes as his wife the pretty 17-year-old mistress of his grandfather, the ex-emperor Shirakawa. Shoshi is a daughter of Kimizane Fujiwara and is pregnant with Shirakawa's son Akihito (see 1123).
Pope Paschal II dies at Rome January 21 after an 18-year reign and is succeeded by the Neapolitan Giovanni da Gaetan, who will reign until next year as Gelasius II. The new pope refuses to confirm the privilege of the Holy Roman Emperor Heinrich V, who installs Archbishop Burdinas of Praga as antipope at Rome under the name Gregory VIII and forces Gelasius II into exile. Accompanied by Pietro Pierleoni (who will reign as the antipope Anacletus II from 1130 to 1138), Gelasius takes refuge in France from Rome's powerful Frangipani family.
Jerusalem's Latin patriarch Arnulf Malecorne (Arnulf of Rohea) dies after a second term that began in 1112.