1100 (The People's Chronology)
The papal legate Daimbert, archbishop of Pisa, arrives at Jerusalem with his own army of Crusaders, announces that the election last year of Arnulf of Chocques (Arnulf Malecorne, or Arnulf of Rohea) was illegal, deposes Arnulf, makes himself patriarch, and invests Jerusalem's king Godfrey of Bouillon and Bohemond I, prince of Antioch, as his vassals. Godfrey of Bouillon dies at Jerusalem July 18 at age 39 after successful forays against the Seljuk Turks that have taken him as far as Damascus. Daimbert takes over as Jerusalem's ruler, but Godfrey's older brother Baldwin, count of Flanders (and count of Edessa northeast of Jerusalem) marches on the Holy City, forces Daimbert to crown him king, and will rule until 1118 as Baldwin I, with help from Tancred, the Sicilian Norman who is now prince of Galilee (see Daimbert, 1102).
England's William II Rufus dies August 2 at age 44 after being struck by an arrow while hunting in the New Forest. Sir Walter Tyrel is accused of having shot the arrow but flees the country to avoid a trial and then protests his innocence (Ralph of Aix is also accused). Others in the royal hunting train include William's 32-year-old brother, who will reign until 1135 as Henry I.
The antipope Clement III dies at Civita Castellana September 8 at age 75 (approximate) after a 20-year reign in opposition to the legitimate popes Gregory VII, Victor III, and Urban II.
Middle English begins to supersede Old English, and the dialect of the Ile-de-France begins to prevail over other French dialects.