1023 (The People's Chronology)
Seville gains independence from Córdoba by the decision of the religious judge (qadi) Abu al-Qasim Muhammad ibn Abbad, whose Abbadid dynasty will rule until 1091 (see 1042).
Córdoba's Berber residents force their caliph al-Qasim into exile after a reign of less than 1 year (see 1022). His nephew Yahya al-Mutali now rules Málaga, and although he returns by invitation to Córdoba he soon finds that its caliphate is without great significance. He entrusts it to a lieutenant and goes back to Málaga, where he and his successors will rule until 1057.
Chinese authorities form a government agency to print paper money (see 1107).