1015 (The People's Chronology)
Kiev's Varangian prince Vladimir I dies outside Kiev at Berestova July 15 at age 59 (approximate) after a 43-year reign in which he has consolidated Kiev and Novgorod into a single Christian state. His 12 sons and innumerable grandsons have prospered, but their various retainers have acquired interests that sometimes conflict with each other. Vladimir's eldest son Svyatopolk kills three of his brothers. Svyatopolk seizes power at Kiev, but his 35-year-old son Jaroslav has been vice-regent of Novgorod and gains support from Novgorodians (and Varangian [Viking] mercenaries) to contest Svyatopolk's rule (see 1019).
Olaf II Haraldsson returns to Norway, restores the country's independence, and reinstates Christianity in his realm; now about 20, he was baptized 2 years ago in France (see 1024).
Wessex yields to the Danish king Canute, who has returned to England to wage war against Edmund Ironside.
Leipzig has its beginnings in a Slavic settlement on a plain just above the junction of three small rivers.