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One of the most fundamental points about why school is necessary is to facilitate the process of socialization. It is in school where students learn the most about the positives and negatives of social interaction. School is where students learn about how to navigate through interpersonal dynamics in a public setting. School is extremely important in teaching how these dynamics should operate and how they might operate in a realm different from this. Another point in why school is necessary is for the educational value. The competent instruction of teachers and administrators whose focus is how to maximize student achievement is a reason why school is important. Given the globally competitive nature of the world setting, education is a critical need, and school provides this.
In addition to the arguments presented in the first answer, I would stress that schools have better facilities and can offer more activities than a home schooled child can typically enjoy.
Some examples of things that a traditional school can offer that a home school would have a very hard time with include:
- Science labs. It would be very hard for a family to have all the equipment needed to do various kinds of chemistry lab experiments, for example.
- Music and drama. Unless you have a very large family, you cannot have a band or put on plays when you are home schooled.
- Sports. Here too, you need a lot of people to have sports teams.
Overall, then, schools serve many more people than a home school would. This allows schools to offer a broad range of subjects that would really not be feasible in a home school situation.
School is necessary first of all because the law requires students to attend. As far as I am concerned, that is a technicality that doesn't much impact why school is necessary.
My first thought is the socialization it provides. From a young age, children need to share time with others to learn how to function in a social environment when they are older. Being at ease with others impacts a vast number of aspects of someone's life, including friendships, romance and career opportunities.
There are things that are available in school that are not available in other places, i.e., home schooling. More and more schools are providing technology for student use. Not just with computers, but also with advanced video equipment and editing programs, computers for digital art, etc. Phys. Ed. classes are much more interesting than when I was in school: with rock-wall climbing, yoga, bike riding, dance, etc.
Students who stay in school learn not only about socialization, but about problem-solving and developing coping skills. School provides a structured environment which generally is more productive than sitting at home: sometimes we want structure even when we feel as if we don't. It's an opportunity to operate in a small world, a microcosm, before being dumped out into a world that is enormous and often "cold."
School is necessary so that no one can take advantage of an uneducated populace. If education was not universal, then it would be easier for politicians to sway the uneducated. As it is, our schools are so poor that people are easily influenced by advertisers and politicians.
School is necessary for children to socialize with peers. They learn how to interact in group settings, an important skill for later on in life. School is necessary to expose students to things they might not get a chance to learn in the home. It provides them tools to use to better themselves including reading, vocabulary, math and logical thinking. It allows them to extrapolate to other situations and enables them to weigh different sides of an issue. School should build self-confidence. It also provides role models that students may look up to or confide in. Those role models are the teachers. No matter what else you teach in class, the students are definitely watching every move you make and how you interact and these are lessons that they learn each day as well.
Thanks everyone. There's quite a few above that I haven't really thought thoroughly enough but I'm wondering if anyone can think of other reasons (besides social and the ones mentioned above). I apprecate all of your help! THANKYOU :D
**Also, what fundamental skills does schooling teach you during your schooling career? (e.g. literacy, numeracy, social etc etc)
I hate to say it but I think that #5 is actually just about correct except for the fact that our schools are absolutely fantastic at turning out a populace that is easily taken advantage of. That is why we train them in autocratic schools for twelve years. We'd hate to see what would happen if they were used to exercising democratic power.
I do agree with some of the above posts about the value of social opportunities in school and sports or other things and there are also times when students have the opportunity to build great relationships with adults and learn things but they are unfortunately too few and far between for me to really think that schools are necessary.
If you are referring to education in schools, then I would argue that teachers are college trained professionals in the subject of student learning and in their specific content area. Even smart people don't know everything and need guidance and feedback from the people who know more than they do. For example, I was always a very good reader, but it took my high school and college education to open my world to a more critical appreciation of the craft of the writer.
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