Define metacognition with examples.
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Metacognition can be defined as "thinking about thinking." Essentially, metacognition focuses on knowledge acquisition and how a learner "knows" something. This study goes to the heart of how an individual learns.
Metacognition is essential in a field such as education. For example, metacognition can be seen when teachers differentiate lessons to specific learning styles of students or specific intelligences of their students. This is metacognitive because it focuses on how learning is acquired, and how students learn. Metacognition can be seen in analyzing how studying for assessments looks different in different subjects. The way in which a successful student reviews for a Math assessment involves a different skill set than when writing a paper for an English class. Being able to break both realities down to students is reflective of metacognition. Students become more successful when they understand the metacognitive basis for learning and do not simply dismiss it as "luck" or something arbitrary. There is a reason and rationale behind academic or intellectual understanding. The exploration of this is metacognition.
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