At a glance:
- Author: Rozalia Luksenburg
Born in 1871, Rozalia Luksenburg (her name until 1889) was reared and educated in the Polish city of Warsaw, then a part of the Russian Empire. The youngest child in a secular Jewish family of the lower middle class, her personal experiences with anti-Semitism, including a violent pogrom in 1881, resulted in a strong aversion toward Polish nationalism. She was always an excellent, hardworking student, and in high school she was converted to Marxist socialism, with her academic record indicating “a rebellious attitude.” Because of harassment from the Russian...
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