In the following viewpoint, George Gilder rejects the common argument that racism is responsible for black poverty. Instead, he blames government welfare and affirmative action programs that he says benefit black women at the expense of black men. He argues that these programs have damaged the institution of marriage and the ability of black men to provide for their families. Gilder is a senior fellow at Seattle’s Discovery Institute.
As you read, consider the following questions:
1. According to Gilder, how do black earnings compare to white earnings?
(The entire page is 1809 words.)
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