Greek Gods and Goddesses
*= appears in the Odyssey
*Aphrodite – goddess of beauty and love (Roman: Venus)
*Apollo – god of music, healing, and light (Roman: Apollo)
*Ares – god of war (Roman: Mars)
*Artemis – goddess of the moon, hunting, and the protector of women (Roman: Diana)
Asclepius – god of medicine
*Athena – goddess of wisdom, justice, art, invention, and industry (Roman: Minerva)
*Circe – a goddess well versed in sorcery, drugs, and herbs
*Demeter – goddess of the harvest and fertility (Roman: Ceres)
*Dionysus – god of wine and fertility (Roman: Bacchus)
Eileithyia – goddess of childbirth
Eirene – goddess of Peace
Enyo – goddess of war (Roman: Bellona)
Erida – goddess of hatred
*Eos – goddess of the wind, and the dawn (Roman: Aurora)
Eris – goddess of strife (Roman: Discordia)
Eros – god of love and lust (Roman: Cupid)
*Gaia – earth; mother earth; primary goddess of fertility
*Hades – god of the underworld (Roman: Pluto)
*Hebe – goddess of youth
Hectate – goddess of the moon, witchcraft, night, and the underworld
*Hephaestus – god of fire (Roman: Vulcan)
*Hera – Queen of the gods; goddess of marriage and childbirth (Roman: Juno)
*Hermes – the messenger for the gods; god of wealth, luck, and travelers (Roman: Mercury)
Hestia – goddess of the hearth and domestic joy (Roman: Vesta)
Hygeia – goddess of health
Hymen – god of weddings
Hypnos – god of sleep (Roman: Somnus)
Iris – goddess of the rainbow and messenger for the gods
Mnemosyne – goddess of memory; mother of the muses
Morpheus – god of dreams
Nemesis – goddess of moderation
Nyx – ancient goddess of night (Roman: Nox)
*Oceanus – god of the ocean
Pan – god of pastures, flocks, and shepherds (Roman: Faunus)
*Persephone – Queen of the underworld; goddess of vegetation (Roman: Proserpine)
Pontus – ancient sea god
*Poseidon – god of the sea (Roman: Neptune)
Prometheus – rebel Titan who gave fire to mortals in defiance of Zeus
Selene – goddess of the moon (Roman: Luna)
Thanatos – god of death
*Themis – goddess of laws, justice, and order
Uranus – ancient god of the sky
*Zeus – King of the gods; god of light and the sky (Roman: Jupiter/Jove)
Certificates of Character – Certificates of character are formal statements in which prominent individuals guarantee, or certify, the quality and character of a slave. Sojourner wished to sell copies of her Narrative and needed certificates of character to receive sufficient recognition. She sold copies of her Narrative for twenty-five cents per copy to support herself financially.
employ – the state of being employed
report – a quality of reputation
testimony – evidence, an open admission
industry – diligence in one's work
deportment – behavior
A. W. Thayer – Alexander Wheelock Thayer (1817 – 1897) was a librarian at Harvard Law School who earned notoriety by writing a biography of Ludwig van Beethoven.
meritoriously – honorably
bestowed – given
Wm. Lloyd Garrison – William Lloyd Garrison (1805 – 1879) was an abolitionist who was responsible for the Liberator newspaper.
- What is the importance of Odysseus's bed in Homer's Odyssey? It was from the trunk of the olive tree.
- What are some examples of Odysseus manipulating his men and others in Homer's Odyssey? I need examples from three...
- What is the function of Eumaeus the swineherd in Homer's Odyssey?
- What themes from the Odyssey influenced today's society?
- What does Odysseus learn from his adventures that helps him once he reaches Ithaca?
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