A series of trials held in Nuremberg, Germany, in 1945-1946, in which Nazi leaders were tried for crimes against humanity and for committing aggression, a new concept in international law. Despite suggestions from Winston Churchill, Franklin Roosevelt, and others that leading German war criminals be punished without trial, arguments for due process prevailed; an international tribunal composed of French, American, Soviet, and British judges convened in Nuremberg in the fall of 1945. Of twenty-one original defendants, eleven were condemned to hang, seven received lighter sentences and...
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