- Langston Hughes (Critical Survey of Poetry: American Poets)
- Langston Hughes (Cyclopedia of World Authors, Fourth Revised Edition)
- Langston Hughes (Dictionary of World Biography: The 20th Century)
- Langston Hughes (Identities & Issues in Literature)
- Langston Hughes (Critical Survey of Short Fiction, Second Revised Edition)
At a glance:
- Author: Langston Hughes
- First Published: 1930
- Type of Plot: Domestic realism
- Time of Work: 1912-1918
- Setting: Stanton, Kansas, and Chicago
- Characters: James (Sandy) Rogers, Annjee, Harriett, Tempy
- Genres: Long fiction, Domestic realism, Novel
- Subjects: African Americans, Maturation or coming of age, Family or family life, North America or North Americans, United States or Americans, Racism, Midwest, 1910's, Chicago, Singing or singers, Kansas
- Locales: United States, Kansas, Illinois, North America, Chicago, Illinois, Stanton, Kansas
Not Without Laughter concentrates on the childhood and adolescent years of Sandy Rogers, a sensitive and highly intelligent black boy growing up in a small Kansas town. His grandmother, known to the community as Aunt Hager, is the center of his life. She washes clothes for the Reinharts, a white family, and she takes care of him while his mother works for Mrs. J. J. Rice, a snobbish upper-class white woman. Later, Hager becomes Sandy’s sole guardian after his mother, Annjee, leaves to join her husband in Detroit and Harriett, the last daughter to remain at...
(The entire page is 2361 words.)
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